PWRDF -- REPORT TO GENERAL SYNOD
The last three years have been among the most important in the institutional life and evolution of The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund, a period of transition and of significant change in PWRDF. During this triennium, PWRDF celebrated its fortieth anniversary of social action in Canada and around the world as the international development ministry of the Anglican Church of Canada. As PWRDF approached this major anniversary, the PWRDF staff and National Committee experienced a major loss with the deaths of Robin Gibson, our Director, and John Vandenburg, our Program Coordinator for Asia/Pacific in late 1998. The loss of these two friends and colleagues had a profound effect on the staff, volunteers and partners of PWRDF. Soon after, PWRDF entered its fifth decade with the arrival of the new Executive Director, Andrew Ignatieff, in August 1999.
At the same time, the PWRDF National Committee made the decision to seek incorporation as a charitable not-for-profit corporation working in close association with the Anglican Church of Canada. Even with this new organizational status of The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund, PWRDF retains its role as the active international development ministry of the Anglican Church of Canada through its networks of faithful volunteers representing PWRDF in parishes and communities in every part of Canada.
This Report to General Synod is the last one that will be coming to General Synod from the PWRDF National Committee as a Standing Committee of General Synod. As you will see from the Handbook Concerns Working Group report, the Constitution of General Synod has been altered, deleting all references to PWRDF National Committee. At the General Synod 2001, you will receive a motion from the PWRDF National Committee requesting that the PWRDF National Committee be dissolved as a Standing Committee of General Synod and seeking acknowledgment from General Synod of the incorporation of PWRDF as The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund/ Le fonds du Primat pour le secours et le développement mondial. PWRDF was federally incorporated in June 2000 with the latter name, reflecting our organization's operations within Canada's bilingual reality.
While undergoing this change in its relation to General Synod, PWRDF remains an organization committed to a vision of international development and global justice that is founded on theological reflection and a faith-based analysis
Mandate and Governance
The PWRDF National Committee has continued to operate through the latest triennium to provide support and oversight to the work of The Primate's Fund, the international development ministry of the Anglican Church of Canada. The PWRDF National Committee has carried out its work in the spirit of the mission statement developed earlier for PWRDF:
PWRDF is a response by Canadian Anglicans to the gospel call to bear witness to God's healing love in a broken world. Inspired by a vision of a spirit filled community of hope, PWRDF walks together with partners in Canada and overseas, to share in the creation of a more just and peaceful world. In joy and struggle, the Primate's Fund engages in development work, responds to emergencies, works to protect refugees, and educates and advocates for change.
The PWRDF staff and the PWRDF National Committee do indeed constitute the 'spirit filled community of hope' referred to in the mission statement. The quality of our lives as a spirit filled community of hope has been especially important in the last three years, as PWRDF has had challenges as we have rarely experienced in our forty years of existence. These institutional challenges present themselves at a time when the world is undergoing profound, unsettling change as a consequence of globalization, severe economic hardship for the majority of the world's population, environmental change, natural disasters, and armed conflicts.
The PWRDF National Committee, with Marion Saunders as Chair, is made up of eighteen members, including a bishop, clergy and laity, three aboriginal partners representing the Anglican Council of Indigenous Peoples (ACIP) and our aboriginal development partners, as well as three international members representing our development partners in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. This membership on the National Committee has ensured a rich debate on the many issues before the National Committee in carrying out its responsibilities for oversight of the work of The Primate's Fund.
During this triennium, the work of the National Committee has been carried out during plenary sessions of the Committee, complemented by the work of sub-committees whose work focuses on Africa, Asia/Pacific/Global, Latin America/Caribbean, Canadian Development Program, Parish and Diocesan Partnership Program, Refugees and Emergencies. In addition, Task Forces have been convened and have deliberated over the three years on policy issues of special concern to the National Committee, such as Gender and Development, Culture of Inclusion, Ecumenical Coalitions Re-structuring, Environment. This combination of more focussed deliberations and decision-making within the smaller groups with the broader sweep of public policy and strategic planning debates has enabled the PWRDF National Committee to carry out most of the work plan which it set for itself at the beginning of the triennium despite the many institutional situations which arose during the three years.
Policy Discussions and Decisions
Gender and Development - The gender and development task force re-visited work done by an earlier task force during the previous triennium. In order to deepen under-standing of the issues and processes of involving women and men equally in the tasks of development, as well as to ensure application of these gender and development principles and processes to the PWRDF program and operations, the PWRDF staff and members of the PWRDF National Committee reviewed the existing policy and developed an analytical framework for use in monitoring and evaluation of PWRDF supported projects. This program and policy debate provided an opportunity for staff to analyze the impact of gender considerations on the operations of PWRDF as well as working relations within the PWRDF community.
Culture of Inclusion - While motivated initially by PWRDF's compliance with the Code of Ethics of the Canadian Council for International Co-operation, PWRDF staff and the PWRDF National Committee have devoted considerable research, discussion, analysis, debate time and resources to the development of a culture of inclusion policy for PWRDF, which would affect its operations in Canada as well as its working relations with partners in Canada and overseas. The task force was able to develop an extensive policy database, assess inclusion work done by other development organizations and to assess the needs for such a policy within PWRDF. At the same time, PWRDF staff worked closely with colleagues from General Synod, working on comparable inclusion initiatives. Because of the complexity of the issues and the strength of feeling among both staff and Committee members, the debates on the culture of inclusion were among the most profound of this triennium. At its final meeting in April 2001, the PWRDF National Committee/Board of Directors approved the following policy statement:
Ecumenical Coalitions Re-structuring - The discussions within this task force have been critical in advancing the process for re-structuring the ecumenical social justice coalitions. The task force reviewed the work of earlier attempts at ecumenical coalitions re-structuring, carried out an informal assessment of the work of the different coalitions and their relations with the Anglican Church of Canada and other participating churches, as well as identifying the needs and gaps which existed in ecumenical social justice work in Canada. This ground-breaking work enabled the staff of PWRDF and the Partnerships department to take the initiative in mobilizing their counterparts in the participating churches as well as the staff and volunteers of the different ecumenical coalitions to take the re-structuring further than had been attempted previously.
Domestic Emergencies Policy - PWRDF has traditionally focussed its work on emergencies on its international commitments. However, following a number of unprecedented environmental emergencies such as:
members of our constituency asked the PWRDF National Committee to develop a policy response to this issue of concern throughout the Anglican Church of Canada. Staff and members of the Refugees and Emergencies sub-committee consulted widely among the dioceses, reflected on the needs and gaps in existing PWRDF policies and programs, and developed a policy which will assist in decision-making in the event of future environ-mental emergencies in Canada.
Environment - Discussions around an environment policy for PWRDF have been motivated by our concern for environmental issues raised through PWRDF's ecumenical participation on environmental issues as well as the requirements of our funding relations with the Canadian International Development Agency. Task force discussions have centred around the development of a policy statement and a monitoring tool to evaluate PWRDF projects. Work on these important issues have continued while PWRDF has been actively involved in environmental education, information and communication work through its participation in the Canadian Ecumenical Jubilee Initiative.
Advocacy Policy review - The Advocacy Policy of the Anglican Church of Canada was reviewed within PWRDF as part of a larger review, conducted during this triennium at the request of the Mission Coordination Group. Staff and members of the PWRDF National Committee consulted with other departments of General Synod and the broader Anglican Church of Canada in order to assess the implementation of the policy and procedures related to advocacy on issues of concern to the national church as well as issues which form part of the broad national debate. Through research and analysis of specific situations, which have occurred within PWRDF, the PWRDF National Committee came to the conclusion that measures outlined were more in the nature of procedures rather than an advocacy policy. Further work is necessary to outline the levels of urgency of response, the appropriate levels of authorization so that the Anglican Church of Canada can respond promptly, effectively, and appropriately with advocacy statements around issues of injustice.
The most significant event in the recent history of PWRDF has been the process of incorporation, which has taken up the majority of time of the National Committee and some PWRDF staff during the last triennium. The challenging situation of the national church encouraged the PWRDF National Committee to look at means of clarifying the institutional relations between the Primate's World Relief and Development Fund and the General Synod. This initiative received further encouragement from the Canadian International Development Agency in its most recent institutional evaluation, which included recommendations around the need for clarification of the working administra-tive relations with General Synod. After due reflection and extensive discussions, the PWRDF National Committee recommended that PWRDF seek incorporation as a separate non-share capital corporation working on the implementation of the develop-ment program in Canada and overseas, in close cooperation with the Anglican Church of Canada.
From the outset, the PWRDF National Committee and the PWRDF staff worked on the process of incorporation with the following institutional goals:
Now that the process of incorporation is complete, the PWRDF National Committee/ Board of Directors can affirm wholeheartedly that these institutional goals have been met.
Once the decision to seek incorporation had been made by the PWRDF National Committee and affirmed by the Council of General Synod in the autumn of 1999, the PWRDF National Committee worked with staff through the early months of 2000 on the writing of Letters Patent and a comprehensive By-law for PWRDF. With the permission of the Council of General Synod at its May 2000 meeting in Fredericton, PWRDF proceeded with an application for incorporation to Industry Canada. As PWRDF sought federal incorporation as a national institution, on May 30, 2000, PWRDF was granted incorporation as The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund/ Le fonds du Primat pour le secours et le développement mondial. PWRDF sought registration with the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency and qualification for tax-exempt charitable status, which was received effective September 1, 2000. Subsequently, comparable tax-exempt status was obtained from Revenue Quebec. With this charitable status, PWRDF has been able to issue its own charitable receipts for donations received since September 2000. Thus, the formalities of incorporation were completed in a very short timeframe through the diligence and cooperation of PWRDF staff and members of the PWRDF National Committee.
The first directors of the new corporation began to meet immediately following incorpor-ation in June 2000 and the first full meeting of the Board of Directors was held in October 2000. In order to ensure a smooth transition, the membership of the PWRDF National Committee was retained as the first Directors of the new corporation with the same balance of a bishop, clergy, and laity, aboriginal and international development partners. As the PWRDF National Committee can only be dissolved as a result of a resolution presented and approved by General Synod, the PWRDF National Committee has continued to function, only making decisions surrounding the preparations for General Synod. The new PWRDF Board of Directors has made the majority of decisions since October 2000. The Board of Directors is now devoting considerable attention to the issues of governance, specifically the creation of the essential standing committees of the new Board of Directors. A Memorandum of Understanding has been negotiated by the PWRDF Executive Director with the General Secretary, which clearly and succinctly outlines all administrative aspects of the daily working relations between PWRDF and General Synod.
PWRDF staff has devoted considerable time to the establishment of separate bank accounts and the development of its financial management policies and procedures. This has been done with the support and close cooperation of the Treasurer and Financial Management and Development staff of General Synod. The accumulated funds previously reported as PWRDF deferred revenue have been expended as of December 31, 2000. At the same time as paying down this deferred revenue in General Synod accounts, PWRDF has built up its own bank accounts through sound budgeting and financial management so that it can stand by its commitments to its development partners and guarantee the intent of all donations and contributions. Special mention should be made of our generous donors in parishes throughout Canada, who have sustained PWRDF throughout this period of transition.
Key to the process of incorporation has been the discussion and decision-making around the issue of membership in the new PWRDF. Very early in the discussions, the PWRDF National Committee decided that the dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada should be designated as the voting members in the new corporation along with the members of the new Board of Directors, which retains its composition of a bishop, clergy and laity, aboriginal and international partners. The Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada is also a voting member of the new corporation, The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund/ Le fonds du Primat pour le secours et le développement mondial. The By-law of the new corporation provides clear opportunity for the dioceses to select their own person to act as their Diocesan Representative at the Annual General Meeting and to represent the interests of the dioceses in the decisions being made at the Annual General Meeting. The first Annual General Meeting will be held in early November 2001.
Issues of membership raised during the process of incorporation have underlined the importance of the unique resource available to PWRDF through its networks of Diocesan PWRDF and Refugee Coordinators and Parish Representatives, working on behalf of the international development ministry of the Anglican Church of Canada in communities across Canada. Incorporation has emphasized the importance of the Parish and Diocesan Partnership Program (PDPP). Throughout the incorporation process, PDPP staff have worked with the PDPP sub-committee of the PWRDF National Committee, looking at models of organization to strengthen the education, communication, information and social action work done by the PWRDF networks, working denominationally within the church as well as ecumenically in cooperation with other churches in their communities. In the coming months, staff will be working on a model for the PWRDF networks which will be based on participatory, informed decision-making and action around issues of concern for PWRDF and our development partners in Canada and internationally.
The model developed for approval by the Board of Directors will be focussed around institutional strengthening with the following goals in mind:
In conclusion, it must be emphasized that the process of incorporation has been both positive and transformative in the best sense of the words. The process of incorporation has encouraged the PWRDF National Committee/Board of Directors, the PWRDF staff, the PWRDF networks and all others involved in this process to reflect on our essential values as an organization, our relations with the Anglican Church of Canada which gave us life, and the nature of our partnership relations in Canada and internationally which give us our reason for being. The process of incorporation has given us the opportunity to affirm these essential values and relations, to make the necessary administrative changes which will enhance our effectiveness as an organization, to create a sound institutional basis which will enable PWRDF to move into the future in a sound position to continue to act as the international development ministry of the Anglican Church of Canada.
Through the latter part of the triennium, the PWRDF National Committee worked alongside the PWRDF staff as they worked on the outline of a new strategic plan for PWRDF. This has been an important process for both staff and Committee members in clarifying the broader aims of The Primate's Fund as well as some of the processes and policies necessary for attaining these institutional aims. Though time-consuming, the strategic planning process has been truly informative and encouraging of profound reflection on the part of both PWRDF National Committee members and PWRDF staff. Both staff and Committee members explored the theological meaning of the work of PWRDF and the interpretation of the overarching themes, which make the connections between the many activities of PWRDF. The themes, which have emerged from the current strategic planning process, are as follows:
PWRDF continues to implement a comprehensive program of support to projects implemented by our development partners in Canada and internationally. The challenges that PWRDF is addressing play themselves out in different degrees in different regions.
In Asia, the economic boom that was experienced until the bubble burst in 1997 was characterized by high rates of economic growth in many countries in the region. However, it also contributed to the destruction of existing local economies in favour of global priorities. This has led to environmental degradation (from tailings dams and massive hydro projects), a lack of basic social services related to the high burden of debt and an outflow of people in search of work to countries overseas where, as migrant labourers, they are vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. Others migrate to large cities where they seek work at low wages in industries focussed on processing exports. Women are particularly affected by these trends.
According to the United Nations Development Program's 2000 Report on Human Development, Latin America's greatest weaknesses continue to be increasing levels of poverty and fragile democracies. Here, too, economic liberalization has taken its toll in bankruptcy of national industries, the ruin of small and medium sized farms, the robbery of indigenous knowledge, the outflow of natural resources, environmental destruction and malnutrition, illiteracy, a lack of basic social services and over-exploitation of the workforce. No Latin American country has achieved a level of inclusive democracy that measures not only regularly held elections, but also independent media, separation of state powers, citizen participation, and the basic human rights of women, youth, children, indigenous people and ethnic or racial minorities.
Africa finds the challenges it is facing to be deeper still because, by and large, it has not benefitted from the dubious "advantages" of globalization seen in other regions of the Global South. Not a single sub-Saharan African country is listed among the top 100 countries in the UNDP's Human Development Index. All but six of the 37 countries ranked as having "low human development" are in sub-Saharan Africa. The lowest 22 are all in Africa. Africa's people remain the most poverty stricken in the world. HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, sleeping sickness, cholera, meningitis and plague are often at epidemic proportions. Unlike other regions, there has been virtually no global investment in even low wage manufacturing, but extraction of Africa's mineral wealth is proceeding virtually unabated. The impact of debt is as severe in Africa as anywhere. And, added to these problems, as the Cold War ended and Western-style democracies were imposed on Africa, the exploitation of ethnic rivalries in the search for power has brought horrendous ethno-political conflicts with genocide and other crimes against humanity in too many African countries. When combined with climatic changes resulting in severe droughts and massive flooding, the challenges faced by Africans are daunting.
In Canada, PWRDF is working with indigenous communities through its Canadian Development Program within the broader framework of the emerging partnership relationship between the Anglican Church of Canada and the indigenous peoples in every part of the land. Indigenous communities continue to experience economic marginal-ization and social disintegration, which is characterized by low levels of participation in the national economy, high unemployment, poverty, cultural dislocation, challenges to family cohesion, dependency, limited educational attainment, poor health standards, mental health problems, substance abuse, inadequate housing and high levels of incar-ceration. At the same time as facing these many challenges, indigenous people from across this land are working for the recognition of their legitimate rights and self-determination.
PWRDF Development Focus
PWRDF works within partner relationships and foresees maintaining and strengthening the participation and support at all levels (local, regional, national and international) into networks for social change. Partners include mostly church-based organizations but also some civil society organizations and NGO specialists. These mutual, responsive and long-term relationships allow the Church to both offer and receive gifts and "strengths", creating a synergy that enhances all our work. This is the same philosophy that moves PWRDF to work ecumenically, alongside actors in civil society and co-operating with other churches to strengthen and support each other.
Partners in Canada and internationally clearly articulate that for many of the vulnerable populations of the world, survival is the key focus rather than development. The PWRDF and the global partners with whom we work are committed to helping not only in the struggle for survival, but in beginning to address the root causes of problems and accom-panying communities as they move beyond survival into sustainable development.
These communities face many obstacles, including:
Moving into sustainable development is frequently blocked by factors beyond the control of vulnerable and marginalized communities, including:
the debt crisis facing many southern nations;
injustices inherent in the global economic system;
structural adjustment programs imposed by international institutions like the World Bank, IMF and Paris Club;
PWRDF staff has been working on the implementation of the Youth Initiative, a significant decision made by the PWRDF National Committee during the previous triennium. Within the Anglican Church of Canada, contacts have been made with dioceses across Canada to begin work on a network of youth committed to working on social justice issues. A Youth Consultation, held in August 2000, produced the following Declaration:
'As the Youth Initiative, we are committed to the goals, values and activities of The Primate's World Relief and Development Fund. We will encourage growth of individuals and communities in the North and in the South. We are compelled by our faith to unite in solidarity with each other and our partners in Canada and the Global South, ensuring that all enjoy the blessings of peace, human dignity and the integrity of creation. We are rekindling hope by turning our beliefs into action. We strive for justice with a spirit of compassion.'
From the input provided at the Youth Consultation, PWRDF staff has developed a three-pronged program of activities based on the following areas of work:
This three-pronged plan of action was approved and affirmed by the PWRDF Board of Directors at its October 2000 meeting and will result in activities in the coming years with the following aims:
Ecumenical Action and Cooperation
PWRDF staff and PWRDF National Committee members have given considerable time and effort to addressing issues of ecumenical action and cooperation during the last triennium. This effort has focussed on three major areas of work:
In working in these three areas, PWRDF staff and National Committee members have kept sight of the following institutional aims:
PWRDF staff and National Committee members look back with considerable pride on PWRDF's involvement with the Canadian Ecumenical Jubilee Initiative (CEJI), which has coincided with this triennium. Working with our ecumenical partners has provided PWRDF with the opportunity to achieve greater impact in our policy development and social action work, especially on policy change around international debt cancellation and international finance as well as awareness raising about aboriginal land rights. Our ecumenical work with our CEJI partners has introduced PWRDF to a wide range of new regional and international partners working on social and economic justice issues through the global Jubilee movement.
The principal area of work has been PWRDF staff involvement in the re-structuring of the ten ecumenical social justice coalitions. This re-structuring has been attempted several times before through individual re-mandating of the coalitions. However, the participating churches have approached this attempt with a greater sense of urgency brought about by the situations of the individual churches and the pressing nature of a deteriorating socio-economic situation throughout our world as a result of globalization, armed conflicts, human rights abuses and deterioration of our global environment. Though all churches have participated equally in this process of re-structuring, it must be recognized that this initiative was moved forward at the outset by the shared concerns of staff from PWRDF and the Partnerships Department of General Synod from the Anglican Church of Canada. They have received the consistent support from the respective committees of General Synod, including the PWRDF National Committee.
After two years of consistent, sustained work on re-structuring, there is now one ecumenical social justice coalition, with the provisional title of Canadian Churches for Justice and Peace (CCJP). This single coalition amalgamates the work previously done by the ten social justice coalition under the direction of a Board of Directors, with representatives of the participating churches, including the Executive Director of PWRDF. There is now an Executive Director of CCJP responsible for program administration and coordination of the activities of staff in the five different program areas: international human rights, environment, aboriginal issues, social development issues in Canada, and economic justice. A process of reconfiguring the existing staff complement will be completed by July 1, 2001. The Board of Directors are currently developing organizational models which will allow for effective decision-making and management of resources so as to ensure the on-going work of the former coalitions, the development of a truly national bilingual presence for this ecumenical social justice work, the assurance of a significant component of national education and social action on the issues covered in this ecumenical mandate, as well as opportunities for national participation and engagement in the work of this new coalition.
Financial Summary for 1998 - 2001
child protection and basic education) (33%)
Geographic disbursements for fiscal years 1998-2001 for the CIDA-PWRDF co-financed program are estimated as follows: (planned for fiscal year 2001 are shown in brackets).
Present funding for disaster and refugee work continues, but consists of PWRDF funds, raised through focussed fundraising efforts and spontaneous generosity of Canadian Anglicans in response to specific emergencies. This funding for communities in crisis as a result of emergencies is not matched by funds from the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
PWRDF National Committee (1998 - 2001)
First PWRDF Board of Directors (2000 - )
Marion Saunders, Chair/ President (Diocese of Toronto)
Ven. Philip Barnett (Diocese of Rupert's Land)
Joseph Clarke (Diocese of Nova Scotia and PEI)
Rt. Rev. Jim Cruickshank (Bishop, Diocese of Cariboo)
Penny Cummine (Diocese of Keewatin)
Ron De La Hey (Diocese of Qu'Appelle)
Jessica Dressler (Youth/Diocese of Rupert's Land)
Raimundo Garcia Franco (Cuba/International Development Partner)
Tim Johnson (resigned) (Aboriginal Development Partner)
Rev. Edmund Laldin (Diocese of Western Newfoundland)
Very Rev. James Merrett (Diocese of Qu'Appelle)
Sue Mackay-Smith (Diocese of Kootenay)
Rod McDowell (Diocese of Niagara)
Monica McKay (Aboriginal Development Partner)
Khumo Nthla (South Africa/International Dev't Partner)
Most Rev. Michael Peers (Primate and Archbishop, ex-officio)
Kumi Samuel (Sri Lanka/International Dev't Partner)
Jane Townshend (Diocese of Huron
Esther Wesley (ACIP)
John B.Zoe (Aboriginal Development Partner)
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